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Table 1 Patient characteristics

From: Immunohistochemical phenotyping of T cells, granulocytes, and phagocytes in the muscle of cancer patients: association with radiologically defined muscle mass and gene expression

  All (n = 30) Males (n = 20) Females (n = 10) p
Age, mean years ± SD (Min-Max) 64 ± 11 (38–81) 63 ± 13 (38–81) 67 ± 7 (52–77) 0.71
Tumor type, % (n)     0.68
 Colorectal 37 (11) 35 (7) 40 (4)  
 Pancreas 30 (9) 25 (5) 40 (4)  
 Liver 10 (3) 10 (2) 10 (1)  
 Bile duct 7 (2) 10 (2) 0 (0)  
 Gallbladder 7 (2) 5 (1) 10 (1)  
 Others 9 (3) 15 (3) 0 (0)  
Tumor stage, % (n)     0.22
 I 3.3 (1) 5 (1) 0 (0)  
 II 3.3 (1) 5 (1) 0 (0)  
 III 13 (4) 10 (2) 20 (2)  
 IV 67 (20) 60 (12) 80 (8)  
N/A 13.3 (4) 20 (4) 0 (0)  
BMI (kg/m2), mean ± SD 27 ± 7 27 ± 6 26 ± 9 0.68
BMI classification, % (n)     0.24
 Underweight 10 (3) 10 (2) 10 (1)  
 Normal 47 (14) 40 (8) 60 (6)  
 Overweight 23 (7) 30 (6) 10 (1)  
 Obesity I 7 (2) 5 (1) 10 (1)  
 Obesity II 10 (3) 15 (3) 0 (0)  
 Obesity III 3 (1) 0 (0) 10 (1)  
Comorbidities, % (n)     
 Diabetes type II 30 (9) 20 (4) 50 (5) 0.96
 Hypertension 50 (15) 50 (5) 50 (5) 1.00
 CVD 23 (7) 25 (5) 20 (2) 0.76
 Dyslipidemia 23 (7) 25 (5) 20 (2) 0.76
Computed tomography body composition analysis, mean ± SD     
 L3 Muscle CSA (cm2) 132.1 ± 33.9 146.8 ± 29.5 102.6 ± 20.3 < 0.01*
 SMI (cm2/m2) 45.8 ± 9.2 49 ± 8.5 40.5 ± 8.4 * 0.39
 SMI z-score (SD) −0.2 ± 1.1 −0.3 ± 1.1 −0.1 ± 1.2 0.59
 L3 Muscle radiodensity (HU) 30.8 ± 9.5 31.4 ± 10.5 30.4 ± 7.6 0.72
 L3 VAT CSA (cm2) 172.3 ± 91.9 188 ± 97.2 150.6 ± 79.7 0.29
 L3 SAT CSA (cm2) 192.8 ± 115.2 165.2 ± 110.7 247.5 ± 102.2 0.015*
 L3 TAT CSA (cm2) 377.1 ± 172.3 365.2 ± 173 409.5 ± 168.9 0.45
Muscle histological characteristics: Muscle fiber CSA (μm2), mean ± SD 3154 ± 1408 3707 ± 1329 2047 ± 788* < 0.01*
  1. Others: melanoma, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, and lymphoma. N/A no applicable, BMI body mass index, CVD cardiovascular disease, L3 lumbar 3, CSA cross-sectional area, HU Hounsfield unit, VAT visceral adipose tissue, SAT subcutaneous adipose tissue, TAT total adipose tissue, SMI skeletal muscle index, SD standard deviation. *Difference between males and females (p = < 0.05)